bran castle history

It houses many artifacts that represent life in Romania, both around the time it was built and for the royal family. Bran Castle: Caught Between Legend and History From its foundation on the naked rock near the riverbed, the fortress of Bran rises majestically above the valley. Upon Queen’s death, her heart had been placed in a silver box that was placed into a precious ornate box, which were then wrapped in the flags of Romania and of her native England and then placed in a marble sarcophagus. The Bran castle was built in the 14th century, a stronghold to protect the villagers and landowners of the plains beyond the Bucegi Mountains, although it is most famous for being the location of the famous vampire, Dracula. The castle was inhabited by professional soldiers, mercenaries, and the storyteller Ioan de Târnava, wrote about “the English brigands and ballista soldiers” of the fifteenth century. From 1920 until 1932, the Castle was converted into a royal summer residence, coordinated by the Czech architect Karen Liman, who designed the castles Peles and Pelisor. By 1836, Bran Castle lost its military and commercial importance, after the border between Transylvania and Wallachia was moved to the mountains, at Pajura. On December 1st 1920, the citizens of Brașov, through a unanimous decision of the city’s council, led by Mayor Karl Schnell, offered the castle to Queen Maria of Romania, Although Bran ceased to be a border and customs point of Austro-Hungary, the castle continued to be an administrative seat. Everybody knows something about Dracula, the renowned character from Bram Stocker’s book, a book that had a remarkable echo. Bran Castle (Romanian: Castelul Bran; German: Schloss Bran; Hungarian: Törcsvári kastély) is a castle in Bran, 25 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of Brașov.It is a national monument and landmark in Romania.The fortress is on the Transylvanian side of the historical border with Wallachia, on road DN73.. Bran Castle was used as a defense mechanism from the Ottoman Empire in 1438 to 1442. The History of Bran Castle. Bran Castle (Dracula's Castle): History - See 5,872 traveler reviews, 9,214 candid photos, and great deals for Bran, Romania, at Tripadvisor. The main reason for foreign tourists choose to visit Bran Castle is the legend that was created around it. Throughout the following years, the castle fell into decay. A combination of medieval strategy, local construction and creative ingenuity has blended to create an icon of Romanian culture: strong, resilient and proud. Bran, initially a Saxon fortress. On November 19, the office of the Hungarian King Louis the Great – Louis I of Anjou – issued a document granting to the people of Brasov (“Kronstadt” – The Crown’s City) the privilege of building a castle. Bran Castle - History (I) BRAN CASTLE (1377-1920) The Bran fortress was built on a cliff between Magura and The Hill of the Fortress, its position conferring an outstanding view towards both the hills of Moeciu and the ones from the Land of Bârsa. Bran Castle. These factors define its place in the evolution of the human community. Bran Castle - History (I) BRAN CASTLE (1377-1920) The Bran fortress was built on a cliff between Magura and The Hill of the Fortress, its position conferring an outstanding view towards both the hills of Moeciu and the ones from the Land of Bârsa. The castle also underwent reconstruction during the reign of Gabriel Bethlen (1613 – 1629), when the gate’s tower, the round tower and the donjon were all renovated. Bran Castle (Dracula's Castle): Great history - See 5,874 traveler reviews, 9,313 candid photos, and great deals for Bran, Romania, at Tripadvisor. The name Dietrichstein was likely the builder of the castle, as a 1509 historical document states that the castle once belonged to a commander of the same name. The name Bran Castle is almost synonymous with count Dracula. Extensive restoration work was carried out. Bran Castle - History (I) BRAN CASTLE (1377-1920) The Bran fortress was built on a cliff between Magura and The Hill of the Fortress, its position conferring an outstanding view towards both the hills of Moeciu and the ones from the Land of Bârsa. Bran is the fictional setting for Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel. Bran Castle – Between Myth and History, Mountains and Valleys. Bran Castle – 5 facts that most tourists don’t know Bran Castle is the most famous tourist attraction in Romania due to the connection to the bloodiest Romanian of all times – Count Dracula. Bran Castle is the most famous tourist attraction in Romania due to the connection to the bloodiest Romanian of all times – Count Dracula. Through this document, the Saxons of Transylvania (“Sachsen” – a population of German origin that came to Transylvania in the twelfth century), from the region encompassing Brasov, were urged to participate in the building of Bran Castle, which was previously named “Dietrichstein” or “Törzburg” in German, “Törcsvár” in Hungarian, and “Turciu” in Romanian. View the timeline, Bram Stoker’s character, Dracula, is a Transylvanian Count with a castle located high above a valley perched on a rock with a flowing river below in the Principality of Transylvania. However, Vlad’s history and the stories of Dracula have tied Vlad and Bran Castle together forever. We invite you to experience the history, the myth, the intrigue and the magic of this wonderful place of Transylvania, the Bran Castle...commonly known as Dracula's Castle HISTORY OF BRAN CASTLE. Medieval Bran Castle, located at historical Bran Pass, is a fortress turned legend yet its door had been kept under key for centuries. A combination of medieval strategy, local construction and creative ingenuity has blended to create an icon of Romanian culture: strong, resilient and proud. Bran Castle’ History . The fortress is on the Transylvanian side of the historical border with Wallachia, on road DN73. Ileana moved via Switzerland and Argentina to the United States in 1950, together with her six children: Stefan (born 1932), Maria-Ileana (born 1933), Alexandra (born 1935), Dominic (born 1937), Maria – Magdalena (born 1939) and Elisabeth (born 1942. Bran’s Castle is … The castle’s restoration works, which had started in 1987, were finished. Bram Stoker’s character, Dracula, is a Transylvanian Count with a castle located high above a valley perched on a rock with a flowing river below in the Principality of Transylvania. In 1932, the castle added a hydroelectric power plant on the stream Turcu, to light the castle but was also connected to the towns of Bran, Simon and Moeciu. Best castle in Europe. The Teutonic Knights – “Ordo domus Mariae Sanctae Theutonicorum Hierosolimitanorum” – a catholic religious order formed in Palestine during the late twelfth century by German crusaders, received Țara Bârsei (“Terra Borza” or “Burzenland” – a country named after the Cuman tribe of Burci) from King Andrew II of Hungary. Bran Castle (Dracula's Castle): Great history - See 5,874 traveler reviews, 9,314 candid photos, and great deals for Bran, Romania, at Tripadvisor. History. Searching for ghosts inside of Bran Castle. Though Bran Castle is not the ‘real’ Dracula’s Castle, it is still an impressive site to visit. It is also called Dracula’s Castle and it is situated at the entrance of Bran-Rucar pass. Discover its story and doors, for Norm’s last Thursday Doors.. Legend says that the Doors to Heaven are here, in Bucegi Mountains, near Bran Pass and Ialomița Cave. The castle is beautiful and contains some amazing history. Perched up on a cliff, surrounded by forests and shrouded in myth and legend, Bran Castle is one of the most picturesque fortresses in Europe, with a history spanning six centuries. However, the Romanian Government, through the Ministry of Culture, provisionally administered the castle for another three years. What people don’t actually know is that Bran Castle is the place that inspired the writer. Facts about Bran Castle 7: the first quote about Bran Castle. Undoubtedly, it is a sight whichbrings shivers down the spines of the brave visitors that want to delve into thehistory and legends that surround the place. History of Bran Castle. Bran Castle: Caught Between Legend and History From its foundation on the naked rock near the riverbed, the fortress of Bran rises majestically above the valley. They spoke up against him and declared a rival family to be better-suited leaders. If you’re interested in the Romanian history and you’re intrigued by the story behind the legend of Vlad Țepes (Vlad the Impaler), commonly known as Dracula, you have to visit the famous Bran Castle. Shortly after this, Queen Marie moved in, claiming it as her home and retreat. Bran Castle originally dates back to the year 1212, where it was constructed on the site of a Teutonic Knights stronghold, and the first time it was documented was in November 1377, after an act was issued that allowed the Saxons of Kronstadt, or current day Brasov, with permission to construct the citadel. But this medieval fortress does have a dark history. The Princess Ileana built a hospital in Bran, she named it “the Hospital of the Queen’s Heart”, which serviced the treatment for wounded soldiers from Brasov after the Red Cross hospital was bombed by American aircrafts. Transylvania's Bran Castle — a.k.a. In 1723, renovation was completed on the northern tower of the castle, as mentioned in an inscription. Iancu, Prince of Transylvania, who needed the support of the Saxons at the border, reinforced the promises granted to the inhabitants of Brasov by Mircea the Elder and by Sigismund. In 1212, the Teutonic Order built the wooden castle of Dietrichstein as a fortified position in the Burzenland at the entrance to a mountain pass through which traders had travelled for more than a millennium. Toss in a vampire legend, and the rest is history. Bran Castle was transformed by the communist authorities into a museum. From well-known monuments like Bran Castle to smaller castles that once belonged to the local aristocracy, the hundreds of castles of Transylvania tell a story of their own rise and decay, often directly connected to the troubled history of Romania. She also built the castle’s principal modern outbuilding, the Tea House, which later became a restaurant. Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Tepes) was allied with Bran and Brasov during his first reign (1448) and through the start of his next reign, after the Princes of Transylvania requested that he handle the anti-Ottoman resistance at the border. Bran Castle (Dracula's Castle): History - See 5,871 traveler reviews, 9,214 candid photos, and great deals for Bran, Romania, at Tripadvisor. by Rebecca Tucker Posted on 02 October 2017. Read more, After 1918, Transylvania became part of Greater Romania. Initially built as a fortress in 1211 the castle’s position on the border of Transylvania gave it great military and commercial importance until the border of Transylvania moved in 1836. The 57 meter deep well of the castle gave insufficient water; therefore water was piped to the castle from natural springs situated across the valley. The Brasov inhabitants also took on the castle’s profit-making customs as part of the lease. For example, in 1593 there was an explosion on the powder mill and in 1617 a severe storm destroyed the roofs. The grateful inhabitants thanked Queen Marie, to which she referred in her writings: “poor villages, pure Romanian that in a near future would not have had this advantage.”.
The countess displayed vampiric tendencies by drinking and bathing in the blood of young virgins in the belief she could attain eternal youth.The Bathory family ruled Transylvania as an independent principality of the Kingdom of Hungary, so she never faced trial for the murders. An imposing, yet graceful structure that seems to be gazing down upon the hordes of visitors that flock to its entry. When Queen Marie died, on July 18, Bran Castle was bequeathed to the Princess Ileana, now married to Archduke Anton of Austria since 1931. The castle, which was originally built in the 1200s by Knights of the Teutonic Order, has an incredibly rich, interesting, and dark history… What people don’t actually know is that Bran Castle is the place that inspired the writer. Currently, Bran Castle is owned by Princess Ileana, descendant of Dominic of Habsburg. A true legend, a huge potential!! The Teutons erected a fortress in Bran (a Slavonic name meaning “gate”), before they were driven away from the area in 1226. Bran Castle, The Royal Residence of Romania. In September 1990, Princess Ileana, who since 1961 lived in a convent and was ordained as Mother Alexandra, visited Bran Castle and witnessed the damaged buildings and loss of some of the inter-war construction. Aside from the intersection in history and fiction of the bloodiest Romanian ruler that makes this castle the most famous tourist attraction in Romania, the structure has its fair share of interesting facts that would make anyone want to see it for themselves. Despite the thousands of visitors and hundreds of articles and papers written about it, the castle kept its secrets, over the centuries. A true legend, a huge potential!! You don’t need to have a major in history to love this place. From here, Vlad … Bran Castle - History (I) BRAN CASTLE (1377-1920) The Bran fortress was built on a cliff between Magura and The Hill of the Fortress, its position conferring an outstanding view towards both the hills of Moeciu and the ones from the Land of Bârsa. Today, it acts as a popular tourist attraction and museum. This inventory clearly reflects the small number of defenders in the Fortress, … Ten years after the communist regime in Romania, Bran Castle was opened as a museum of history and feudal art. Princess Ileana herself cared for patients as a nurse and even operated in the hospital. Bran Castle is one of the country's most important tourist attractionsand thousands of tourists flock here each year. History of Bran Castle. However, back in the ’80s the castle was quite unknown, with few visitors. History of Bran Castle . The lord of the castle was elected by the King, usually from among the Saxons, and whose role was increasingly important in the history of Transylvania. Bran Castle. Facts about Bran Castle 8: the usage of the Bran Castle. From a fortress to a castle to a royal residence and a communist holding, Bran Castle has remained a towering example of Romanian fortitude and heritage, bringing in 500,000 visitors a year. Vlad gained power over Romania, but the people of Transylvania were not happy. From afar, we can readily spot the tumbledown ruins of Castell Dinas Bran. The original name of the castle was “Dietrichstein”, and it was mentioned as far back as 1212. The strategic reasons underlined by the expansion of the Ottoman Empire which, … However, it couldn’t withstand the Mongols invasion and it was destroyed in 1242. The easiest way to get to Bran Castle from Bucharest is on a guided tour. The building of the fortress was imposed by strategic and economic reasons. It is a national monument and landmark in Romania. We received your message and will be in touch with you as soon as possible. Discover this enchanting region and the reality and myth of Dracula legend. History. Before you visit, just remember that its real story has nothing to do with Dracula, but everything to … After the death of the Romanian Prince in 1419, due to the political instability of Wallachia, Sigismund took over the castle and entrusted it to the Princes of Transylvania. The sarcophagus containing the heart was placed into a crypt chapel carved into the rock across the valley from the Castle. Medieval Bran Castle, located at historical Bran Pass, is a fortress turned legend yet its door had been kept under key for centuries. While Bram Stroker didn’t visit Bran Castle himself, the Romanian ruler who inspired the character of Dracula did. In 1932, the castle added a hydroelectric power plant on the stream Turcu, to light the castle but was also connected to the towns of Bran, … A guide to Bran Castle, Dracula’s Castle History of Bran Castle . The first fortress had been erected probably by Teutonic Knights. Discover its story and doors, for Norm’s last Thursday Doors.. Legend says that the Doors to Heaven are here, in Bucegi Mountains, near Bran Pass and Ialomița Cave. After the Dracula film was released, it became a worldwide attraction. www.bran-castle.com: Coordonnées : 45° 30′ 54″ nord, 25° 22′ 02″ est: Pays: Roumanie: Région historique Transylvanie: Localité Bran: Géolocalisation sur la carte : Roumanie. Turned into a museum during communist times and recovered by the children of Princess Ileana in the 21st century, Bran Castle managed in just a few years to become a highlight of Romania’s castles. Bucharest, Romania 3 contributions. SHARE ON: Anda Galffy — September 15, 2016. Best castle in Europe. … Dracula's Castle — by the numbers The centuries-old Romanian castle is as beautiful as it is steeped in sinister history . But in 1948 the royal family was exiled by the communist regime, leaving Bran Castle unoccupied. It is the perfect setting for a vampire-lord. Bran Castle – between myth and history A visit to Bran Castle. Read more Medieval Fortress 1211 -1918 Between 1883 and 1886, the imperial authorities agreed, at the insistence of the Brasov inhabitants, to repair damages made to the castle during the Revolution of 1848 and during the Russo-Turkish war of 1877. After 1945, the hospital continued to treat people wounded and maimed in the war and the population of the region. Bran Castle was actually built in 1378 and does offer exceptional view of the nearby hills. Aside from the intersection in history and fiction of the bloodiest Romanian ruler that makes this castle the most famous tourist attraction in Romania, the structure has its fair share of interesting facts that would make anyone want to see it for themselves. Our very own Bran Castle tour Bran Castle History. Le château de Bran (Castelul Bran en roumain) près de Brașov en Transylvanie non loin de la limite avec la Valachie est un monument historique classé et un lieu touristique de Roumanie. The area around the Castle was turned into an English Park with two ponds and a Tea House. During 1920 the castle became a royal residence. This castle is called Terchvar (Bran).” On July 15, 1575, as mentioned in another document, Ioannes Fux was sent to Bran Fortress on a mission to fortify and guard the Gorge. Bucharest, Romania 3 contributions. Bran Castle is a fortress that was constructed in the Medieval Times. That way, you can sit back and enjoy the scenery rather than worrying about driving. The Castle deterioration led to its closure in 1987 and was reopened only in 1993. Legend and reality come together at the castle, which stands tall on the hillside showing its dominance. Bran’s Castle is at the heart of Romania’s history and culture. In her grave was placed a small box containing earth from the foot of Bran Castle, collected when she was exiled. Read more. Bran Castle. Everybody knows something about Dracula, the renowned character from Bram Stocker’s book, a book that had a remarkable echo. Mihai T wrote a review Jan 7. Vlad gained his reputation as ‘the Imapler’ when he plundered Saxon villages and took the captured people to Wallachia where he had them impaled. By the end of the fifteenth century, the castle’s commander also held the title of Vice-Voivode of Transylvania. The purpose of this gift was to establish the Teutons in the area and to defend the Southeastern border of Transylvania from the Cumans and the Pechenegs. Bran Castle quickly became a favorite of hers and she restored it for use as a summer residence by her family. She loved Bran Castle so … On May 18, after several years of legal proceedings, the castle was legally returned to the heirs of Princess Ileana of Romania and Archduke Anton of Austria. Bran Castle is a scenic place to visit with a fascinating history but let’s face it, there’s one main thing that puts it on the map. Bran Castle only became known as 'Dracula's Castle' due to the extraordinarily similar description of the castle by Stoker, not because it had any actual connection to a real-life bloodsucker. Princess Ileana and her family were forced to leave the country by the newly installed communist regime. I highly recommend it to anyone traveling to Romania. In 1388, the castle’s construction was complete. The Turks raided Transylvania, but John Hunyadi (Iancu de Hunedoara) defeated them in Bran. Plus, a tour guide will be able to explain all of the castle's history and anecdotes. The first pages in the history of Bran Castle were written in distant past of the early 13-th century, when invited by Hungarian king Andrew II, the Teutonic Knights appeared in in south-eastern Transylvania tasked with protecting the kingdom borders against invasion of combative peoples of the Pechenegs and the Cumans. It has ties to Vlad the Impaler who was once the ruler of Wallachia, a region in Romania. Bran (German: Törzburg; Hungarian: Törcsvár) is a commune in Brașov County, Transylvania, Romania.It is about 25 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of the city of Brașov and consists of five villages: Bran, Poarta (Hungarian: Porta), Predeluț (Kispredeál), Șimon (Simon) and Sohodol (Szohodol).. Bran Castle. 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