1st March 2018 If you're using jack stands, place them near the jack. Use a pair of jack stands every time you lift a vehicle and you will vastly decrease the likelihood of becoming a victim of a falling vehicle. i would hate for it to crack and drop the stand to the ground with me under the car. If you’re going to do anything under a lifted vehicle, it must be supported by jack stands. Jack the car to the desired height. Tester[/b] The stands can be placed under the axle or suspension arms, which are roundish solid parts. He told me he mustered some previously unknown strength to lift a corner of the car off of himself and slide out from under it. A trainee HGV fitter, working with an experienced mechanic, was fatally crushed when an HGV slipped from a hydraulic jack. Do not work on the vehicle while it is being raised or lowered. Smart lifting practices are a must to ensure the safety of anyone working underneath a vehicle. HSE aims to reduce work-related death, injury and ill health. We’ve put together this car jack and jack stands guide to help you understand the different options available for getting your vehicle off the ground. 7. Yet these safety features don’t work if they’re not engaged – so make sure you use them before starting work on the vehicle. Vehicles must be kept safe and fit for purpose and the driver must be able to get in and out of the vehicle safely. If you're using jack stands, place them near the jack. Do not rock a vehicle on a lift. He died in hospital from crush injuries. The flimsy factory jack he was using to keep the car off the ground failed, causing Ken to become trapped between a concrete driveway and a few thousand pounds of automotive steel. Use a pair of jack stands every time you lift a vehicle and you will vastly decrease the likelihood of becoming a victim of a falling vehicle. A vehicle inspection will give you peace of mind about the vehicle's mechanical condition and operation. These normally require a bit of prep for installation, but can be well worth the expense due to the convenience factor. They were not following a safe system of work. Be sure to lower the car onto jack stands before starting your work. If you’re using jack stands, place them near the jack. What I have done in the past is put a 2in concrete pave stone under the stand. Vehicles falling/rolling off incorrectly positioned jacks or stands, particularly where they are not chocked, are one of the main causes of fatal accidents in MVR. ABS helps you maintain steering control under emergency braking. It's much bigger than the base of the stand, and is flat against the ground and the top surface is flat for the stand to sit on. You can keep the jack under there to be on the safe side, but make sure it's not unbalancing the car in any way, or fighting against the stands. Both rear nearside wheels and one offside wheel had been removed and he was in the process of jacking it up when it fell onto his head and chest, killing him. OSHA in partnership with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) launched a promotional campaign, "Every Belt - Every Ride" at the National Safety Congress. All Rights Reserved. Nick Palermo is a freelance automotive writer and NAPA Know How blogger. Floor jacks use rubber o rings to assist in sealing the compression cylinder. Safe Vehicle Lifting: Car Jack and Jack Stands Guide, NAPA Lifting Equipment 3.5-ton Floor Jack, Owatonna Tool Company 3-ton Jack Stands (pair), NAPA Lifting Equipment 4-ton Jack Stands (pair), Failing Oil Pressure Sensor? For regular lifting around the shop or garage, a quality floor jack is an essential tool. Motor Vehicle Safety Symposium. Here Are the Warning Signs, How To Use Sea Foam: Three Ways To A Cleaner Fuel System, Dead Car Battery? No supplementary supports were used. 22. If there is no prop fitted or if one is fitted but you are unsure it will be effective, then provide your own additional support. A couple weeks ago I heard someone on the radio show mention supporting a vehicle with four jack stands, one at each “corner”, apparently by lifting one end with a jack, placing two stands, then doing the same at the other end. Because a floor jack is on wheels, it will roll into a sturdy position as the car rises. Place a safety pin inside the axle stand, if your axle stands have them. Under health and safety legislation, a vehicle is a place of work. If the hoist hydraulics malfunctions while vehicle raised on hoist, with out safety latch engaged, it will fall and the safety latch will NOT engage. As long as the stands are put under the car properly with all the legs on the ground and placed where the car can't slide/rock (I suggest using a part … The law requires that workplaces are maintained in a condition that is safe and without risk to safety and health. Instead, they provide a safe, fixed support for a raised vehicle. Ken suffered serious injury to his back, and it literally took him months to get back on his feet. Always prop cabs, trailers etc that could drop under their own weight. Jack stands do not lift vehicles. Once you've changed the height of the stand, put the safety pin attached to the stand through the hole at the base to secure it place. For more information on buying the right jack and jack stands, chat with a knowledgeable expert at your local NAPA AUTO PARTS store. Don't work beneath a vehicle with air suspension unless you prop it first. And if you need stands that really get your car high in the air for an extended project, four AFF 10-ton Single Jack Stands can support a total of 10 tons each. If your job is replacing a muffler, though, ramps are ideal. There were no end-stops on the lift and he was unable to stop the car falling off the lift onto him. Your email address will not be published. Making sure a forklift is functioning as it should it the vital first step in ensuring employee safety. Lifting plant and equipment can cause accidents if they are used unsafely or poorly maintained. Simply jack up the vehicle and lower it onto the jack stand or stands. © Copyright National Automotive Parts Association. The charts below outlines some popular car jacks, ramps, jack stands and other lifting equipment available from NAPA AUTO PARTS. Instead, they provide a safe, fixed support for a raised vehicle. Thus, we have consulted Holy Writ and compiled “ The Ten Commandments of Lifting Thy Chariot, ” which translates in the modern tongue, “How to lift and support your car safely.” Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Use safety stands to … Stands should only be used on hard and level surfaces and only for the vehicles that are within the … The jacking point is an indentation under the vehicle, where it's structurally strong enough to take the force of a jack. After you’ve observed all the safety precautions, follow these steps to jack up a vehicle: Place the jack under the part of the vehicle that it should contact when raised. Cleaning/degreasing substances including valeting, Harmful dusts - Inhalation and Dermatitis risks, Safety in the use of two-post vehicle lifts, Measuring paint spray booth clearance time, Repair or recovery of buses and coaches fitted with air suspension, Make sure lifting equipment is correctly installed, Maintain lifting equipment and train operators to use it correctly, Check equipment regularly and get it inspected, Defective locking devices identified on modern 2-post lifts, Risk of vehicles falling off two-post vehicle lifts in motor vehicle repair (MVR), Safe recovery (and repair) of buses and coaches fitted with air suspension, Work equipment and machinery - free leaflets, Make sure there are safe working procedures in place when moving heavy loads, particularly when they are raised, Use the correct pins for axle stands - screwdrivers, nails and bolts are not acceptable, Use stands on a hard, level surface eg concrete and avoid lifting on sloping ground, Securely chock wheels remaining on the ground, Make sure thatÂ all lifting points for jacks and standsÂ are correct for that vehicle - consult the vehicle manufacturer's handbook for guidance, Ensure that vehicles are always properly supported - do not rely on jacks alone, Once installed, the lift must be tested before it is used by a competent person, who will issue a certificate, Regularly check the fixing bolts with a torque wrench to ensure they remain tight, Vehicle lifts need to be kept in good order. Required fields are marked *. Vehicles falling/rolling off incorrectly positioned jacks or stands, particularly where they are not chocked, are one of the main causes of fatal accidents in MVR.Â Working beneath a vehicle is often required to check for faults, servicing and repairs etc but because these tasks are so commonÂ people get used to working under potentially lethal weights. Always place wheel chocks before performing work on a raised vehicle. Don’t let anyone walk under raised forks or load. To keep your car hoist in the best condition, there are different maintenance and safety checks you should perform every day, every week, and each month. There are some repairs and maintenance items that can only be done from underneath a vehicle. That’ll keep the wheels from spinning while you turn the lug wrench once the car’s raised. Jack stands: Jack stands may be the most overlooked safety equipment items in a DIY garage. The arms did not lock and the lifting pads were damaged or missing. This is a true story about my friend Ken. An HGV recovery fitter was crushed to death under the air-lifted axle of a tractor unit he was attempting to rescue from the roadside. Is that too much weight for the stand? Because bottle jacks usually have a smaller footprint than floor jacks, though, they may not be as stable. Although this should identify problems, it is not a replacement for regular in-house checks and maintenance (in the same way that you shouldn't rely on an MOT to keep your vehicle in good order), Other lifting equipment (eg trolley and bottle jacks, engine hoist, vehicle mounted cranes) should be similarly examined every twelve months by a competent person (and Report of Thorough Examination issued), Lifting accessories (eg chains and web slings) should be examined every six months by a competent person (and Report of Thorough Examination issued), Other equipment which are critical for safely supporting loads such as props (for cabs and trailers)Â and axle stands should be inspected every 12 months by a competent person, Make sure the ground if firm and level before raising a vehicle, If the area is unsuitable then move the vehicle to a safer place before any attempt is made to lift it to undertake any repairs. Do not lower the lift to rest on supporting jacks. If you place your jack incorrectly, you can injure your car. As one turned his back on the raised load, the other moved the gantry, which fell onto his colleagues head, killing him. An engine hoist or engine crane allows you to lift an entire engine out of its bay while minimizing risk to yourself or your vehicle. A worker was standing at the end of a raised four post lift and pulled the car towards him. That way, it won't fall down when the weight of your vehicle is placed on it. In particular, you should consider the following issues (more detail can be found in HSG261). Axle stands were available but not used. For more information on working under buses and coaches fitted with air suspension see Safe recovery (and repair) of buses and coaches fitted with air suspension. Since becoming an auto news and reviews contributor at AutoTrader.com in 2011, he has broadened his coverage of the automotive industry to include topics like new car technology, antiques and classics, DIY maintenance and repair, industry news and motorsports. If your company requires a logged inspection for liability reasons, use an app like MaintainX . Watch for employees working in the same area. Ramps are not as versatile as jacks and jack stands, though. Check out all the tools & equipment available on NAPA Online or trust one of our 17,000 NAPA AutoCare locations for routine maintenance and repairs. Let's say it's time to replace the shocks. There were no end-stops on the lift and he was unable to stop it falling off the lift onto him. Do not stand directly in front of a vehicle being driven onto a rack or lift, or into a wash or lube bay. Specialty lifting equipment: Special equipment helps DIYers and pros alike more safely and easily perform specific jobs. The vehicle should be raised on solid ground, and you must not go under the vehicle until it is supported on stands, AND lowered onto those stands. The accident was totally preventable, though. Make sure the floor and fixings meet the lift manufacturer's specification - if in doubt get specialist advice! Ramps: Ramps are a safe alternative to jacks and jack stands because they provide large, solid points of contact that are unlikely to fail. Your email address will not be published. Follow the manufacturer's instructions and replace consumable items, such as lifting pads, before they become unsafe, Make sure employees evenly balance the lift for different types of vehicle and where major components (eg a gearbox) have been removed - knowing where the centre of gravity is important to prevent cars falling from a vehicle lift, Additionally for two post lifts, ensure that the arm locks are fully engaged and secure and that all the lifting pads are positioned correctly before raising the vehicle to full height (see, Vehicle lifts should be thoroughly examined periodically by a competent person, who should issue aÂ 'Report of Thorough Examination'. Motor Vehicle Safety Facts. Selling to both Trade and public, we manufacturer our Signs in-house and offer a 5 year warranty against cracking and fading and a money back guarantee on our products. We offer Under Hoist Tripod stands similar to the ones shown here from AFF and Sunex. Once you have raised your vehicles, placing Jack stand under the vehicle at the appropriate points will help share the loads and provide a safety mechanism, should the jack fail. While you won’t be lifting the entire vehicle at once with the jack, it leaves a healthy safety margin. If that's the case then you need to find another solid point under the car to position the stands. Jack stands are important tools that keep a vehicle propped up after having used a floor jack, like a scissor jack or a hydraulic jack, to lift a vehicle.Once the vehicle is lifted enough to fit the jack stands on a solid part of the car underneath it, like the chassis, they can be carefully fitted and tested by hand for sturdiness, at which point the jack can be removed. They should be placed under the vehicle axle or frame to provide additional support for an elevated car. On the rear, raise the vehicle enough so that the jackstands sit under the rear axle and when lowered the tires are off the ground. car jack, floor jack, garage safety, jack stands, lifting equipment, safety, shop tools, tool safety, tools. The mandatory standard is based on certain sections of the voluntary Australian Standard, AS 2538:2016 Vehicle Support Stands (available from SAI Global). Leave the jack in place as a backup support. Electronic safety systems Anti-lock Brakes (ABS) helps you keep control of the car in an emergency and have been a standard feature of all new cars since 2004. Bottle jacks: Bottle jacks are more compact than floor jacks and are often rated for heavier weights than similarly priced floor jacks. Traction Control Brake Pad Use: What’s Eating Up Your Brakes On The Track? On the front, raise it enough so a jackstand can be placed under the lower control arm so when lowered the tire is off the ground. Automotive expertise from NAPA AUTO PARTS. The lift had never been thoroughly examined and tested. For example, a 4,000 pound (two ton) SUV would need a two ton jack. There is something wrong. Unfortunately, serious and fatal accidents happen every yearÂ even though the dangers and precautions are well known.Â You must always use the right equipment for the job. A tyre fitter went to change six tyres on a school coach parked on a sloping car park. Our huge range of Safety Signs are designed to meet local and government regulations and we supply sign products to schools, construction, & building, warehouse, office and workplace environments. Jack stands do not lift vehicles. Raise or lower the stands as needed to achieve the desired undercar clearance, then lower the jack until the weight of the vehicle is resting on the stands. Position the safety stands under the factory lift points along the sides of your vehicle, or under an axle, control arm, subframe or frame. Once the front is lifted, position and adjust the jack stands under the main frame, bulk head or pinch welds of the vehicle. Once a vehicle is jacked up the stands are put in place and the vehicle is lowered onto the stands. *Add closed height to lift distance to determine total raised height. This is what locks in the air, and they are a known failure point. While your vehicle may be equipped with a jack, it was never designed to be used for anything but an emergency. Failure to do this may cause the vehicle to slip off the jack. Health and Safety Executive Working safely under motor vehicles being repaired Check equipment regularly and get it inspected A worker was standing at the end of a raised four-post lift and pulled the car towards him. If your intention is to raise both ends, jack the diff up first and set it on stands, as the diff’s round axle tubes will more easily rotate atop the stands to account for the change in angle as the front is raised. 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