Bill Fulton, director of the Kinder Institute for Urban Research, wrote about Houston’s famous lack of zoning for the latest issue of American Planning Association’s Planning Magazine, which is filled with stories about the city..  A proposal has been made to open the city's first botanic garden at Herman Brown Park.. Beneath the layers of sediment is a water-deposited layer of halite, a rock salt. Though primarily in Harris County, small portions of the city extend into Fort Bend and Montgomery counties, bordering other principal communities of Greater Houston such as Sugar Land and The Woodlands. , Before the legalization of same-sex marriage in the United States the first marriage in Houston took place on October 5, 1972. Houston hosts the annual Houston College Classic baseball tournament every February, and the Texas Kickoff and Bowl in September and December, respectively.. At least 11 other states have, too", "U.S. Cities Prepare For Planned ICE Raids", "Houston homicide rate changes little in 2016", New FBI stats suggest crime's in decline in Houston, "FBI report: Houston's murder rate down, violent crime increases", Distribution – Houston High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Drug Market Analysis 2009, "Sex Trafficking: Groups Expose Houston's Dark Secret", "Two Worlds a Mile Apart: A Brief History of the Fourth Ward", "Carnegie Foundation Gives University of Houston its Highest Classification for Research Success, Elevating UH to Tier One Status", "UH achieves Tier One status in research", "UH takes big step up to Tier One status", "Histories of TSU and UH marked by segregation", "Rice tops the list of 25 hardest colleges to get into in Texas", https://hbculifestyle.com/largest-hbcu-by-enrollment/#:~:text=Nestled%20on%20a%20sprawling%20150,diverse%20institutions%20in%20the%20state, https://abc13.com/barbara-jordan-mickey-leland-michael-strahan-yolanda-adams/6001128/, https://www.uhd.edu/finishuhdstrong/Pages/default.aspx, "Telemundo Station Group, part of the NBCUniversal Owned Television Stations division", "Houston Press Shutters Its Print Operation", "Best Local Magazine: OutSmart | Best of Houston® 2008: Your Key to the City", "Texas Medical Center – Largest Medical Center (Video HD (English))", "Rice and Baylor College of Medicine extend MOU", "2016 American Community Survey, 1-year estimates: Commuting Characteristics by Sex", "Transit Mode Share Trends Looking Steady; Rail Appears to Encourage Non-Automobile Commutes", "The growing distance between people and jobs in metropolitan America", "Commuting to Work in the Largest 30 U.S. Cities", "Patterns of automobile dependence in cities: an international overview of key physical and economic dimensions with some implications for urban policy", "Study: Houston among cities with poor sustainable transit systems", "Four Texas counties rank among nation's top ten for gasoline consumption", "The Kinder Houston Area Survey: Thirty-Six Years of Measuring Responses to a Changing America", "Car Ownership in U.S. Cities Data and Map", "Major Thoroughfare and Freeway Plan Policy Statement", "Gulf Coast Regionally Coordinated Transportation Plan – 2016 Transportation Resource Inventory Update", "2040 Regional Transportation Plan (RTP)", "Vote against Metro referendum could mean more rail", "Metro's Silver Line starts, first of many bus rapid transit planned in region in lieu of rail", "Federal funding pulled for light rail line construction along Richmond Avenue", "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2008, State of Texas", "Amtrak ridership up in Houston area, Brookings Institution reports", "Texas Eagle Thruway Motorcoach Schedules", "Hike and bike trail extensions coming to four bayous", "Houston saddles up for downtown bike share program", "Houston bikesharing program enjoys robust growth", "Houston Bike Share names new executive director", "FAA selects the HAS as 2005 Airport of the Year", "George Bush Intercontinental Airport Fact Sheet", "2005 Total Airline System Passenger Traffic Up 4.6% From 2004", "United Continental Planning Houston Flight Resumption", "Houston Airport System Statistical Report: 2017 Fiscal Year Summary", "Southwest launches new international service at Houston Hobby Airport today", "William P. Hobby Airport Rated Among Top Five Performing Airports Worldwide", "Houston City Council unanimously approves Sister City Agreement between Houston, Texas and Basrah, Iraq", Greater Houston Convention & Visitors Bureau, Greater Houston Partnership (GHP) Houston Chamber, Greater Houston Transportation and Emergency Management Center, San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site, list of cities and towns in Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land MSA, National Register of Historic Places Sites, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Houston&oldid=1000200282, 1836 establishments in the Republic of Texas, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with disputed statements from January 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles needing additional references from December 2020, All articles needing additional references, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: NOAA (relative humidity and dew point 1969–1990, sun 1961–1990), This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 02:28. Household Size 80% Area Median Income (AMI) 120% 1 … Other tourist attractions include the Galleria (Texas's largest shopping mall, located in the Uptown District), Old Market Square, the Downtown Aquarium, and Sam Houston Race Park. Greater Houston's arterial road network is established at the municipal level, with the City of Houston exercising planning control over both its incorporated area and extraterritorial jurisdiction (ETJ). Officials predicted there would be 323 homicides in 2016.  A daily Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach connects Houston with Amtrak's Chicago–San Antonio Texas Eagle at Longview.  The rainfall exceeded 50 inches in several areas locally, breaking the national record for rainfall. created_user, In the late 1990s and early 2000s, a mini-boom of midrise and highrise residential tower construction occurred, with several over 30 stories tall.  Due to the industrial infrastructure in and around Houston, natural disasters such as Hurricane Harvey have also led to numerous toxic spills and disasters, including the 2017 Arkema plant explosion. The school is affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas and has a student population of approximately 3,000. The Austin City Limits crew is sad to hear of the death of singer, songwriter and country hitmaker K.T. The Houston area is also home to the largest African American community in Texas. Fireworks are illegal in the City of Houston.  In 2019, home sales reached a new record of $30 billion. The Houston Astros are a Major League Baseball expansion team formed in 1962 (known as the "Colt .45s" until 1965) that won the World Series in 2017 and appeared in both the 2005 and 2019 World Series.  As of 2016, Muslims in the Houston area included South Asians, Middle Easterners, Africans, Turks, and Indonesians. As of 2017[update] some councilmembers who served two terms and won a final term will have served eight years in office, whereas a freshman councilmember who won a position in 2013 can serve up to two additional terms under the previous term limit law–a select few will have at least 10 years of incumbency once their term expires. The Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, a think tank, has described Greater Houston as "one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse metropolitan areas in the country".  The term limits were spearheaded in 1991 by conservative political activist Clymer Wright.  Also in 2013, Houston again appeared on Forbes' list of "Best Places for Business and Careers". Space Center Houston is the official visitors' center of NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. Bayou Bend is the former home of Houston philanthropist Ima Hogg..  In 2010, the city was rated the best city for shopping, according to Forbes. Crime Report Table 4 ". Similar orders are in effect in Bell County.  In the same year, the city ranked second on the annual Fortune 500 list of company headquarters, first for Forbes magazine's "Best Cities for College Graduates", and first on their list of "Best Cities to Buy a Home".  The city has often been known to be the most politically diverse city in Texas, a state known for being generally conservative. The Houston hospital system is at serious risk of being completely overwhelmed by a record spike in COVID-19 cases, Mayor Sylvester Turner said Sunday. Houston's economy since the late 19th century has a broad industrial base in energy, manufacturing, aeronautics, and transportation. The city of Houston was founded by land investors on August 30, 1836, at the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou (a point now known as Allen's Landing) and incorporated as a city on June 5, 1837. , The eight-county Greater Houston metropolitan area contains over 25,000 miles (40,000 km) of roadway, of which 10%, or approximately 2,500 miles (4,000 km), is limited-access highway. , Houston is considered an automobile-dependent city, with an estimated 77.2% of commuters driving alone to work in 2016, up from 71.7% in 1990 and 75.6% in 2009. 230 likes.  About a dozen persons resided in the town at the beginning of 1837, but that number grew to about 1,500 by the time the Texas Congress convened in Houston for the first time that May.  The Port of Houston ranks first in the United States in international waterborne tonnage handled and second in total cargo tonnage handled. The Texas Medical Center is home to a high density of health professions schools, including two medical schools: McGovern Medical School, part of The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, and Baylor College of Medicine, a highly selective private institution. 2020 Houston-area and Texas Election Results.  A commuting study estimated that the median length of commute in the region was 12.2 miles (19.6 km) in 2012.  The city is home to the nation's third-largest concentration of consular offices, representing 92 countries.  The coldest temperature officially recorded in Houston was 5 °F (−15 °C) on January 18, 1930. The University of Houston System owns and holds broadcasting licenses to KUHT and KUHF.  The Houston Air Route Traffic Control Center is located at Bush Intercontinental. The Houston City Council on Wednesday also approved $10 million in …  United Airlines' share of the Houston Airport System's commercial aviation market was nearly 60% in 2017 with 16 million enplaned passengers.  Outside the loop, the city's typology is more ⅝, though many major business districts—such as Uptown, Westchase, and the Energy Corridor—lie well outside the urban core. In 2015, 8.3 percent of Houston households lacked a car, which was virtually unchanged in 2016 (8.1 percent). HOUSTON – Stewart Duvall is upset over the loss of his mother Bobbi Crawford as well as the fact that her death still has not been officially counted by the city. Searchable text-based Code of Ordinances and City Charter files are outsourced and can be found by clicking on the link below. , In referendums in 1948, 1962, and 1993, voters rejected efforts to establish separate residential and commercial land-use districts.  In places this led to feet of standing water that blocked streets and flooded homes.  Most of Houston is located on the gulf coastal plain, and its vegetation is classified as Western Gulf coastal grasslands while further north, it transitions into a subtropical jungle, the Big Thicket. Homes for You Price (High to Low) Price (Low to High) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Square Feet Lot Size.  During the floods in 2015 and 2016, each of which dropped at least a foot of rain, parts of the city were covered in several inches of water.  The FBI's Uniform Crime Report (UCR) indicates a downward trend of violent crime in Houston over the ten- and twenty-year periods ending in 2016, which is consistent with national trends. , The University of Houston–Downtown, located in Downtown, is the second-largest institution of higher education in Houston.  Ninety-one foreign governments have established consular offices in Houston's metropolitan area, the third-highest in the nation. , When World War II started, tonnage levels at the port decreased and shipping activities were suspended; however, the war did provide economic benefits for the city. Downtown was on the threshold of an energy industry–led boom in 1970.  In 2010, mining (which consists almost entirely of exploration and production of oil and gas in Houston) accounted for 26.3% of Houston's GAP up sharply in response to high energy prices and a decreased worldwide surplus of oil production capacity, followed by engineering services, health services, and manufacturing.  The network expanded to 29 stations and 225 bicycles in 2014, registering over 43,000 checkouts of equipment during the first half of the same year. 07/06/2020 07:04 am ET. Foo Fighters Rock Austin City Limits airs on most PBS stations on Saturday, January 9th. As of 2011 in the entire state, 32,000 people actively attended Orthodox churches. These were the first international flights flown from Hobby since the opening of Bush Intercontinental in 1969. , In 2017, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, non-Hispanic whites made up 24.9% of the population of Houston proper, Hispanics or Latinos 44.5%, Blacks or African Americans 29.9%, and Asian Americans 6.7%. , The primary network-affiliated television stations are KPRC-TV (NBC), KHOU (CBS), KTRK-TV (ABC), KRIV (Fox), KIAH (The CW), KTXH (MyNetworkTV), KXLN-DT (Univision) and KTMD-TV (Telemundo). ". In 2019, OSHA found that Texas was the leading state in the nation for crane accidents.  The majority of rainfall occurs between April and October (the wet season of Southeast Texas), when the moisture from the Gulf of Mexico evaporates extensively over the city. Houston #1 Most Popular "Houston" Wall …  Houston elected the first openly lesbian mayor of a major city in 2009, and she served until 2016.  In the same year, Houston became the county seat of Harrisburg County (now Harris County).  Underpinning Houston's land surface are unconsolidated clays, clay shales, and poorly cemented sands up to several miles deep. Some other notable Hip-hop artists from the area include Slim Thug, Paul Wall, Mike Jones, Bun B, Geto Boys, Trae tha Truth, Kirko Bangz, Z-Ro, South Park Mexican, Travis Scott and Megan Thee Stallion.. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 65,569. Before Hurricane Harvey, the city had bought back $10.7 million in houses in this area specifically to take them out of danger.  Houston is the beginning or end point of numerous oil, gas, and products pipelines. According to the 2005 Houston Area Survey, 68 percent of non-Hispanic whites in Harris County are declared or favor Republicans while 89 percent of non-Hispanic blacks in the area are declared or favor Democrats. The University of Houston Law Center and Thurgood Marshall School of Law at Texas Southern University are public, ABA-accredited law schools, while the South Texas College of Law, located in Downtown, serves as a private, independent alternative. Map houston city limits. Official records for Houston were kept at the Weather Bureau in downtown from July 1888 to May 1969, and at Intercontinental since June 1969. The Astrodome, nicknamed the "Eighth Wonder of the World", opened in 1965 as the world's first indoor domed sports stadium. Map Of Houston And Surrounding Cities Houston Map Area Map . Houston has also been the site of numerous industrial disasters and construction accidents. Because of these strengths, Houston is designated as a global city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network and global management consulting firm A.T. Houston is home to 337 parks, including Hermann Park, Terry Hershey Park, Lake Houston Park, Memorial Park, Tranquility Park, Sesquicentennial Park, Discovery Green, Buffalo Bayou Park and Sam Houston Park. Houston easing attendance limits at some live events, sports. December 21, 2020. This was the largest urban evacuation in the history of the United States. HOUSTON (AP) — Houston officials on Wednesday announced new rules that would allow some live events like concerts and attendance by fans at some sporting events to resume as the positivity rate for the coronavirus in the city continued to drop. Greater Houston possesses a hub-and-spoke limited-access highway system, in which a number of freeways radiate outward from Downtown, with ring roads providing connections between these radial highways at intermediate distances from the city center. The City of Houston COVID-19 Recovery website outlines the recovery approach led by Marvin Odum, Houston's COVID-19 Relief and Recovery Czar. LEGAL_DOC, ] In 2015, Downtown Houston added a cycle track on Lamar Street, running from Sam Houston Park to Discovery Green.  Under the city charter, once the population in the city limits exceeded 2.1 million residents, two additional districts were to be added. Within Montrose, new gay bars began to open. Highways that follow the cardinal convention include U.S. Route 290 (Northwest Freeway), Interstate 45 north of Downtown (North Freeway), Interstate 10 east of Downtown (East Freeway), Texas State Highway 288 (South Freeway), and Interstate 69 south of Downtown (Southwest Freeway). , In 1840, the community established a chamber of commerce, in part to promote shipping and navigation at the newly created port on Buffalo Bayou.  The light rail system saw approximately 16.8 million boardings in fiscal year 2016. This is a list of people who have served as mayor of the city of Houston in the U.S. state of Texas.. Until 2015, the term of the mayor was two years. Houston has the NFL's first retractable-roof stadium with natural grass, NRG Stadium (home of the Texans). Three community college districts have campuses in and around Houston. Stele to Sayers, September 11–12, 1900, "Marvin Hurley, 1910–1920, Houston History", "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990", "Texas – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "Ellington Field: A Short History, 1917–1963", "Recovery Beginning in Areas Affected by Hurricane Rita", 8th Congressional District of Texas 2007 Appropriations Project Requests, "How Houston's 'Wild West' growth may have contributed to devastating flooding", "Nearly 900 Rescued in Houston in Deadly Flooding", "Texas flood disaster: Harvey has unloaded 9 trillion gallons of water", "Hurricane Harvey was year's costliest U.S. disaster at $125 billion in damages", "Harvey certain to be one of the most expensive natural disasters ever", "Houston City Council agrees to cut water bills bloated by Harvey", "Houston City Council may cut Harvey-spiked water bills", "Texas Leads Nation In Deadly Crane Accidents, Target Of OSHA Safety Enforcement", "4 Killed as Huge Crane Topples at a Houston Refinery", "Distance from Houston, TX, USA to Walter Umphrey State Park, Martin Luther King Junior Drive, Port Arthur, TX, USA", Football power in Texas has shifted to Houston, Houston (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau, "The trouble with living in a swamp: Houston floods explained", Flood Forecasting for the Buffalo Bayou Using CRWR-PrePro and HEC-HMS, "Houston-Galveston, Texas Managing Coastal Subsidence", "Mapping Active Faults in the Houston Area using LIDAR Data, #50034 (2006)", Faults in Parts of North-Central and Western Houston Metropolitan Area, Texas, Principal Faults in the Houston, Texas, Metropolitan Area, "A System of Government Where Business Ruled", "Harris County Budget Management: Population Study", "FOCUS: Houston; A Fresh Approach To Zoning", "Neighborhood groups fight to keep people in poverty by blocking affordable housing – HoustonChronicle.com", "Lack of zoning has paid off for Houston", "The Healthiest Housing Markets for 2009 – Local Markets, Construction, Home Prices", "2019 Was A Record Year For Houston's Housing Market", "How many skylines do you think Houston has? City Limits - Houston TX Real Estate. 0 Blue Lake Dr, Humble, TX 77338 .  During her tenure she authorized the Houston Equal Rights Ordinance which was intended to improve anti-discrimination coverage based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the city, specifically in areas such as housing and occupation where no anti-discrimination policy existed. , Houston is home to one of the largest LGBT communities and pride parades in the United States.  The city has a total area of 637.4 square miles (1,651 km2); this comprises over 599.59 square miles (1,552.9 km2) of land and 22.3 square miles (58 km2) covered by water. That’s why residents in areas like Oak Hill, which is outside city limits, and neighborhoods throughout Houston, which has no city zoning, say they fall into a blind spot. African Americans formed a large part of the city's population, numbering 23,929 people, which was nearly one-third of Houston's residents. The Sam Houston Tollway, which encompasses the mainlanes of Beltway 8 (as opposed to the frontage roads, which are untolled), is the longest tollway in the system, covering the entirety of the Beltway with the exception of a free section between Interstate 45 and Interstate 69 near George Bush Intercontinental Airport. , In 2008, Houston received top ranking on Kiplinger's Personal Finance "Best Cities of 2008" list, which ranks cities on their local economy, employment opportunities, reasonable living costs, and quality of life. National Weather Service Forecast Office, Houston/Galveston, Texas. It is the second-largest concentration of theater seats in a Downtown area in the United States. Must … , Houston has four major bayous passing through the city that accept water from the extensive drainage system. We encourage all citizens to participate in interacting with your …  The industries located along the ship channel are a major cause of the city's air pollution. Ord_Link, Comprising a total area of 637.4 square miles (1,651 km2), Houston is the eighth-most expansive city in the United States (including consolidated city-counties). team event. Currently, there are sixteen members, 11 elected from council districts and five at-large.  Other notable annual events include the Houston Greek Festival, Art Car Parade, the Houston Auto Show, the Houston International Festival, and the Bayou City Art Festival, which is considered to be one of the top five art festivals in the United States.  A seven-mile (11 km) system of tunnels and skywalks links Downtown buildings containing shops and restaurants, enabling pedestrians to avoid summer heat and rain while walking between buildings.  These faults also tend to move at a smooth rate in what is termed "fault creep", which further reduces the risk of an earthquake. After Hurricane Harvey this sudden change of heart seems likely to have been motivated by the prospect of additional tax revenues. Of the irreligious community 16% practiced nothing in particular, 3% were agnostic, and 2% were atheist..  Twenty-five foreign banks representing 13 nations operate in Houston, providing financial assistance to the international community.  Houston's diversity, historically fueled by large waves of Hispanic or Latino and Asian immigrants, has been attributed to its relatively low cost of living, strong job market, and role as a hub for refugee resettlement. Ultimately, the system is designed to ferry traffic from neighborhood streets to major thoroughfares, which connect into the limited-access highway system. Westpark Tollway and Fort Bend Parkway are operated conjunctly with the Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority. By Mary Papenfuss. Austin City Limits is the longest running music series in television history, the name behind exciting and successful music festivals in Austin (US), Sydney (AUS) and Auckland (NZ) and an award-winning concert venue. The only other major publication to serve the city is the Houston Press—which was a free alternative weekly newspaper before the destruction caused by Hurricane Harvey resulted in the publication switching to an online-only format on November 2, 2017.  Prevailing winds are from the south and southeast during most of the year, which bring heat and moisture from the nearby Gulf of Mexico and Galveston Bay.  In September 2008, Houston was hit by Hurricane Ike. , Houston is one of few United States cities with permanent, professional, resident companies in all major performing arts disciplines: opera (Houston Grand Opera), ballet (Houston Ballet), music (Houston Symphony Orchestra), and theater (The Alley Theatre, Theatre Under the Stars).  Flat terrain and extensive greenfield development have combined to worsen flooding. In response to Hurricane Harvey, Mayor Sylvester Turner of Houston initiated plans to require developers to build homes that will be less susceptible to flooding by raising them two feet above the 500-year floodplain. Detailed information on every zip code in Houston Land in some areas southeast of Houston is sinking because water has been pumped out of the ground for many years. , The city of Houston is highly regarded for its diverse food and restaurant culture.  Founded in 1912, Rice's historic, heavily wooded 300-acre (120-hectare) campus, located adjacent to Hermann Park and the Texas Medical Center, hosts approximately 4,000 undergraduate and 3,000 post-graduate students. , In 1945, the M.D.  During the mid-2010s, Greater Houston experienced consecutive major flood events in 2015 ("Memorial Day"), 2016 ("Tax Day"), and 2017 (Hurricane Harvey).  According to the list, Houston and Dallas were tied as the second-most popular city for megachurches. NRG Stadium hosted Super Bowl LI on February 5, 2017. Austin City Limits was already facing long odds of being held this fall. A system of toll roads, operated by the Harris County Toll Road Authority (HCTRA) and Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority (FBCTRA), provides additional options for regional commuters. CITY OF HOUSTON – CITY COUNCIL Meeting Date: 2/12/2020 District – ETJ Item Creation Date: 1/24/2020 HCD20‐16 Resolution of Support for a 9% HTC Transaction within Houston’s Extraterritorial Jurisdiction (ETJ) Agenda Item: IIc Background: , President Woodrow Wilson opened the deep-water Port of Houston in 1914, seven years after digging began.
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